Trees

RED MANGROVES

Fis Bay red mangroves
Red mangroves on edge of Fish Bay

Red mangroves are able to grow out into salt water environments using unique aerial prop roots.  The salt is filtered out and does not enter the waterlogged roots because transpiration at the leaf surface creates negative pressure which keeps the salt outside. The shoreline area around the roots serves as a nursery for many types of fish, while the dense network of roots and branches attracts numerous birds.

??????????

Red mangrove hanging root
Red mangrove hanging root
Red mangroves with turtle grass in Fish Bay
Red mangroves with turtle grass in Fish Bay

 

BLACK MANGROVES

pond low water with little blue heron

Black mangroves grow in quite salty soil, but unlike the red mangroves, cannot tolerate being constantly submerged.  They have glands on their surface that excrete excess salt, and are found back from the shore in wetland areas and around seasonal ponds that may mix salty water with fresh rainwater.

In addition to roots at the base of the tree they also have numerous fleshy pencil-like projections (pneumatophores) that rise vertically from the horizontal roots. These may help aerate the roots. This network of roots and pneumatophores collects and holds silt, helping to control erosion and protect the shoreline. 

Clapper rail hunting in black mangrove roots
Clapper rail hunting in black mangrove pneumatophores
mangrove pond overview
Overview of black mangrove pond near Marina Drive
Mangrove pond near Marina Drive in dry season
Black mangrove pond near Marina Drive in dry season
Black mangrove flowers
Black mangrove flowers

 

BUTTONWOOD

Buttonwood
Buttonwood

 

MAHO  (Thespesia populnea)

The area along and just back from the shoreline of Fish Bay is filled with numerous maho trees.

Maho tree near Fish Bay shoreline
Maho tree near Fish Bay shoreline
Heart-shaped maho leaves
Heart-shaped maho leaves

 

CASSINE (Cassine xylocarpa)

Cassine nuts
Cassine tree with nuts

 

SEA GRAPE (Coccoloba uvifera)

Sea grape flowers
Sea grape flowers
Sea grape leaves
Sea grape leaves

 

WHITE CAPER (Caparis indica)

There are seven different types of native caper trees on St. John. The white caper is similar to the black or Jamaican caper, but its leaves are olive green rather than dark green and its flowers stay white (don’t turn purple).

White caper buds and flowers
White caper buds and flowers

caper white close up (1)

White caper tree
White caper tree

BLACK CAPER (Caparis cynophallophora)

Black caper leaves
Black caper leaves
Black caper tree
Black caper tree
Black caper seed pods
Black caper seed pods

 

LIMBER CAPER (Capparis flexuosa)

Limber caper tree
Limber caper tree
Limber caper leaves
Limber caper leaves
Limber caper flower
Limber caper flower

 

SUGAR ANT (Ginoria rohrii)

Sugar ant tree in bloom
Sugar ant tree in bloom
Sugar ant buds and flowers
Sugar ant buds and flowers

 

ACACIA

Acacia tree
Acacia tree
Acacia pods
Acacia pods
Acacia bark and thorns
Acacia bark and thorns

 

YELLOW BOXWOOD

Yellow boxwood tree
Yellow boxwood tree
Yellow boxwood leaves
Yellow boxwood leaves

 

TYRE PALM 

Tyre palm near Fish Bay
Tyre palm near Fish Bay

 

FRANGIPANI

Frangipani tree with caterpillars
Frangipani tree with caterpillars

 

 WHITE MANJACK 

Orange manjack tree

 

IRONWOOD

Ironwood tree
Ironwood tree
Ironwood tree leaves
Ironwood tree leaves

 

GRI-GRI (Bucida buceras)

These are the largest trees in the Fish Bay area, also known as black olive.

Gri-gri near Fish Bay
Gri-gri near Fish Bay
Gri-gri leaves
Gri-gri leaves

 

 

TAMARIND  (Tamarindus indica)

Tamarind tree
Large Fish Bay tamarind tree
Tamarind pods
Tamarind pods

 

TURPENTINE (GUMBO LIMBO)

Turpentine tree bark
Turpentine tree bark
Turpentine tree leaves and berries
Turpentine tree leaves and berries

 

GENIP (Melicoccus bijugatus)

Genip tree
Genip tree

 

WATER MAMPOO (Pisonia subcordata)

Divided trunk is characteristic of water mampoo tree
Divided trunk is characteristic of water mampoo tree
Water mampoo leaves and buds
Water mampoo leaves and buds

 

BLACK MAMPOO

Black mampoo leaves
Black mampoo leaves
Black mampoo tree
Black mampoo tree
Black mampoo buds
Black mampoo buds

 

WHITE PRICKLE 

White prickle tree
White prickle tree
White prickle leaves
White prickle leaves
White prickle bark
White prickle bark
Egret in white prickle tree
Egret in white prickle tree

 

WATTAPAMA

Wattapama tree in bloom
Wattapama tree in bloom
Wattapama flowers
Wattapama flowers
Wattapama seed pod
Wattapama seed pod

 

PIPE CACTUS (Pilosocereus royenii)

Pipe cactus with fruits
Pipe cactus with fruits
Pipe cactus fruit
Pipe cactus fruit

 

CENTURY PLANT

Century plant near mangroves
Century plant near mangroves

 

CEREUS

Cereus cactus and flower
Cereus cactus and flower
Night blooming cereus flower
Night blooming cereus flower

 

GUAVABERRY 

Guavaberry bark
Guavaberry bark
Guavaberry leaves
Guavaberry leaves

 

INKBERRY

Inkberry branch
Inkberry branch
Inkberry tree
Inkberry tree

 

CANKER BERRY

Canker berry flower
Canker berry flower and fruit
Canker berry tree
Canker berry tree

 

PIGEON BERRY

Pigeon berry leaves and fruit
Pigeon berry leaves and fruit

 

BIRCH BERRY (RODWOOD)

Birch berries
Birch berries
Birch berry tree next to mangroves
Birch berry tree next to mangroves
Pearly-eyed thrasher eating birch berry
Pearly-eyed thrasher eating birch berry

 

RAT APPLE

Rat apple
Rat apple
Rat apple tree with flowers
Rat apple tree with flowers

 

RAT BEAN

Rat bean tree
Rat bean tree flowering
Rat bean tree with scaly-naped pigeon
Rat bean tree with scaly-naped pigeon

 

FIDDLEWOOD 

Fiddlewood tree bark
Fiddlewood tree bark
Fiddlewood tree leaves
Fiddlewood tree leaves

 

Pig turd  (Andira inermis)

Other common names for this in the Virgin Islands are hog turd, dog almond, dog plum and false mahogany. The name ‘pig turd’ refers to the appearance of its seed pods.

Pig turd trees
Pig turd trees

 

HOG PLUM

Hog plum
Hog plum
Hog plum tree roots in Fish Bay gut
Hog plum tree roots in Fish Bay gut

 

SAND BOX (Hura crepitans)

Sandbox tree
Sandbox tree near Fish Bay gut
Sandbox tree bark
Sandbox tree bark

 

COTTON

Cotton tree near Fish Bay
Cotton tree near Fish Bay

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

St. John, US Virgin Islands